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Minimum safety standards for bicycles

Each Australian state and territory has laws in place regarding the minimum safety standards for bicycles. These laws have been developed to ensure the safety of cyclists and other road users. So before you next jump on your bike, be sure to familiarise yourself with the relevant cycling safety standards where you live.

Minimum Safety Requirements

The minimum safety requirements for your bike include at least one working brake, a bell and reflectors. Click on each part of the bike to learn more.

Click on each part of the bike...


Across Australia* mandatory helmet laws are enforced. The below considerations should be followed for all helmet use.

  • The helmet meets the Australian/New Zealand standard AS/NZS 2063;
  • it fits firmly and comfortably on your head and doesn’t tilt or move in any direction; and
  • the straps can be fastened and are firm under your chin.

*Since 31 March 1994, the Northern Territory made an amendment to the law to permit cyclists over the age of 17 to ride without a helmet "along footpaths or on cycle paths which are not on roads".


If you ride at night or in bad weather, your bike should have the following:

  • A white light on the front visible from 200 metres
  • A red light on the back visible from 200 metres, and
  • A red reflector on the back visible from 50 metres.

Other useful items to make your ride enjoyable and safe

  • Go-Pro or similar video recorder – films what is going on around you and in the event of a crash it could capture valuable footage
  • Water
  • Closed shoes
  • Reflective or bright clothing – day or night
  • Tool kit – a good basic kit, which includes tools for fixing flat tyres or tightening the chain or wheel, etc.
  • Bike pump – not just handy for yourself but you could help a fellow bike rider if needed
  • Bike computer – keep a track of your travelling statistics, such as how far you have gone and how fast you are going. Also handy for letting people know where you are if there is a GPS tracker on it!
  • Mirrors – some riders like the added safety of mirrors

Don’t forget to keep your bike maintained

The Department of Transport and Main Roads QLD has developed this handy list of ways to keep your bike maintained:

  • Remove, clean and re-lubricate chain and derailleur gears
  • Check and re-lubricate brake and gear cables
  • Dismantle, clean and re-grease headset
  • Dismantle, clean and re-grease front and back hubs
  • Clean cluster with cloth dampened with solvent
  • Check head stem and handlebars for any undue movement.

Contact Shine Lawyers

If you’ve suffered a cycling accident, the injuries can impact your life forever. One way to get some sense of a normal life back is to make a claim for compensation. Shine Lawyers have cycling safety lawyers who work on a no win, no fee basis and can help you get your life back on track.

Minimum bike standards state by state:

Each state has slightly different rules when it comes to minimum bike standards, so be sure to read the rules for the state in which you ride your bike.


Written by Shine Lawyers. Last modified: June 11, 2019.

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