When you watch the daily news, you may hear about someone who is appealing a decision made by a Court. Have you ever wondered what an appeal is and how they work?
Under the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976, courts can hear appeals in regards to:
- Judgments (decisions) of a single Judge in the Federal Court whether interlocutory or final;
- Judgments of a Supreme Court of a Territory other than the ACT or NT;
- Certain judgments of the courts of a State, the ACT or NT (other than a Full Court of the Supreme Court); and
- Certain judgments of the Federal Circuit Court.
The Court shares first instance jurisdiction with the Supreme Courts of the states and territories in the complex area of intellectual property (copyright, patents, trademarks, designs and circuit layouts). All appeals in these cases, including appeals from the Supreme Courts, are to a full Federal Court.
Most appeals from the Magistrates Court are heard by the District Court. A party to a proceeding may appeal a District Court decision to the Court of Appeal. Appeals from the Supreme Court are heard by the Court of Appeal. It also hears appeals from many tribunals.
To be successful in an appeal, you must prove that the Judge made an error in the original case. Types of errors can include:
- Where an incorrect principle of law was applied; or
- Where a finding was made that could not be supported by the evidence produced.
Written by Shine Lawyers. Last modified: March 1, 2021.