In the 1970s, 8% of the population was over the age of 65. This figure grew to 13% in 2001, and it’s predicted that over-65s will make up 25% of the population by 2042. That’s a growth from 2.5 million to 6.2 million.
Rise in population, rise in abuse
While the increase in the numbers of people aged over 65 is partly the happy result of greater longevity, we’ve also seen the rise of a new, related problem – elder abuse.
In June, national Legal Aid Chairman Graham Hill warned that skyrocketing Australian property prices had led to a worrying increase in elder abuse cases, as adult children struggled to enter the property market without financial assistance.
What is elder abuse?
Elder abuse is a term used to describe an act or omission that inflicts harm towards the elderly. It can take the form of physical, psychological, and sexual abuse, as well as financial exploitation, abandonment and neglect.
We’re currently seeing increasing numbers of reports of financial abuse across the media. Sadly, recognition of this abuse often comes too late. There are, however, important warning signs for family, friends and carers to look out for so they can be forearmed and ready to protect their loved ones from people looking to take advantage of them.
When our loved ones are financially abused, they may already be in a state where they were unable to adequately handle their own monetary affairs. This makes it difficult for them to report the abuse or for onlookers to identify it.
Telltale signs to look out for include:
- Unexplained changes in financial situations, such as not being able to cover regular expenses
- Large withdrawals from bank accounts
- Unexplained disappearance of belongings
Medical abuse is the type often seen in nursing homes and hospitals – situations where an elderly resident or patient is inadequately cared for.
Some signs to look out for include:
- Inadequate clothing or heating / cooling
- Dehydration or malnutrition
- Skin diseases, infections or bruises
- Insufficient hygiene practices leading to unnecessary conditions (mouth infections from poor oral hygiene for example)
- Pressure sores, bedsores or blisters from lack of movement
- Dramatic, unexplained weight loss
In environments where family and friends are not around 24/7, loved ones may be subjected to physical abuse or rough handling.
Indications that physical abuse may be occurring include:
- Evidence of rough handling
- Cuts, sprains, broken bones, bruises or hair loss
- Overuse of a medication to sedate or restrain the person
Elder abuse is not always physical.
Loved ones should be wary of the following signs:
- Sudden increase in anxiety, depression, sadness or anger
- Fearfulness of certain people or situations
Put a stop to elder abuse
Mistreatment of the most vulnerable members of society is never acceptable. It’s time we gave these victims a voice.
If you suspect that a family member or friend is being mistreated, it is important to report this abuse to the police and seek legal advice to remedy the abuse. Our team of abuse law experts can listen to your story and guide you on the next best steps for your situation. Get in touch today.
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- Some traditions need to change: Students and sexual abuse
A version of this article appears on Starts at 60.
Written by Elle Dalzell on . Last modified: October 13, 2017.